Pyrones or pyranones are a class of heterocyclic chemical compounds. They contain an unsaturated six-membered ring containing one oxygen atom and a ketone functional group. There are two isomers denoted as 2-pyrone and 4-pyrone. 2-Pyrone is used in organic synthesis as a building block for more complex chemical structures because it may participate in a variety of cycloaddition reactions to form bicyclic lactones. Pyrone derivatives are extremely prevalent structural motif in diverse naturally and synthetically occurring bioactive molecules having a broad array of chemotherapeutic potentials.